Integration of prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) and electronic prescribing of controlled
substances (EPCS) within the electronic health record (EHR) is critical to ensuring clinicians are able
to easily access the data and tools they need at the point of care. Variation in the implementation and
use of PDMPs and EPCS at the state level has created a barrier for the effective use of EHRs and other
health information technology technology in the fight against the opioid epidemic.